Back to HWF Library Page

Gossman Consulting, Inc



HWF NOTES©
October, 1994
  CLEAN AIR ACT HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANT LIST
David Constans and David Gossman

In the Clean Air Act (CAA) the EPA has chosen a number of compounds, primarily organics, that are deemed to be Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) the emissions of which are to be controlled. GCI has tabulated this list and compared it with current regulations that already affect BIFs.


Before presenting the HAPs list, a few comments are appropriate. There are a number of compounds that are listed in Part 266, Appendix VIII (the BIF PIC list) that are not listed as HAPs. It seems curious that the CAA does not consider these compounds to be worthy of inclusion in the HAPs list. Also, very few of the HAPs have been determined to be in cement kiln stack emissions. Some of these HAPs are compounds that can not be formed in the cement process and/or could not exist in the exhaust of a cement kiln. They would either disassociate or react with common stack gas constituents such as water or alkali salts. A number of these compounds on the HAPs list do not have recognized and/or validated sampling and analytical methods. GCI has attempted to select a sampling method based on information from stack sampling contractors and by consulting EPA's "Stationary Sources Sampling and Analysis Guide." GCI makes no claim that the methods listed are appropriate for all stack gas sampling conditions, or that there is a validated analytical method that is compatible with the sample method. It is our intent, in presenting this data, to aid our clients in understanding the impact of the seemingly simple request: "Test the stack for HAPs emissions." GCI will continue to refine this list and encourage any comments or suggestions that would aid in this effort. The following are abbreviations used in the methods column of the table:


NMG - No Method Given
? - Questionable method
? V - Questionable validity of sample method or of the analysis of the sample
NV - Not Validated, sampling or analysis method has not been validated for this compound 

CAS 

NUMBER

CHEMICAL 

NAME

Proposed 

Method (1)

Part 266 

Appx VIII

Cement Kiln Emissions(2)
75070 Acetaldehyde 0011

60355 Acetamide NMG

75058 Acetonitrile 0030

98862 Acetophenone 0010
X
53963 2-Acetylaminofluorene 0010

107028 Acrolein 0010-?

79061 Acrylamide 0010-?V

79107 Acrylic acid NMG

107131 Acrylonitrile 0030

107051 Allyl chloride 0030

92671 4-Aminobiphenyl 0010

62533 Aniline 0010
ND
90044 o-Anisidine 0010

1332214 Asbestos Particle Catch and Electron Microscope

71432 Benzene (including benzene from gasoline) 0030 X X
92875 Benzidine 0010
ND
98077 Benzotrichloride 0010

100447 Benzyl Chloride 0010

92524 Biphenyl 0010

117817 Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) 0010 X X
542881 Bis(chloromethyl)ether 0010

75252 Bromoform 0010-?V X X
106990 1,3-Butadiene 0030

156627 Calcium cyanamide NMG

105602 Caprolactam 0010-?V

133062 Captan 0010-?V

63252 Carbaryl 0010-?V

75150 Carbon disulfide 0030

56235 Carbon tetrachloride 0010-?V X ?
463581 Carbonyl sulfide Method 15, for H2S only

120809 Catechol 0010-NV

133904 Chloramben 0010-?V

57749 Chlordane 0010

7782505 Chlorine 0050
X
79118 Chloroacetic acid NMG

532274 2-Chloroacetophenone 0010

108907 Chlorobenzene 0030 X X
510156 Chlorobenzilate 0010

67663 Chloroform 0030 X ND
107302 Chloromethyl methyl ether NMG

126998 Chloroprene NMG

1319773 Cresols/Cresylic acid (isomers and mixture) 0010

95487 o-Cresol 0010
X
108394 m-Cresol 0010
X
106445 p-Cresol 0010
X
98828 Cumene 0010

94757 2,4-D, Salts and Esters 10 or 30

3547044 DDE 0010

334883 Diazomethane NMG

132649 Dibenzofurans 0023
X
96128 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane 0010

84742 Dibutylphthalate 0010
X
106467 1,4-Dichlorobenzene(p) 0010 X ND
91941 3,3-Dichlorobenzidene 0010 ?V
ND
111444 Dichloroethyl ether (Bis(2-chloroethyl)ether) 0030

542756 1,3-Dichloropropene 0030
ND
62737 Dichlorvos 0010

111422 Diethanolamine NMG

121697 N,N-Diethyl aniline (N,N-Dimethylaniline) 0010

64675 Diethyl sulfate NMG

119904 3,3-Dimethoxybenzidine 0010

60117 Dimethyl aminoazobenzene 0010

119937 3,3-Dimethyl benzidine NMG

79447 Dimethyl carbamoyl chloride 0010

68122 Dimethyl formamide 0010

57147 1,1-Dimethyl hydrazine 0030-?V

131113 Dimethyl phthalate 0010 X X
77781 Dimethyl sulfate NMG

534521 4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol, and salts 0010
ND
51285 2,4-Dinitrophenol 0010
ND
121142 2,4-Dinitrotoluene 0010
ND
123911 1,4-Dioxane (1,4-Diethyleneoxide) 0010

122667 1,2-Diphenylhydrazine 0010

106898 Epichlorohydrin (1-Chloro-2,3-epoxypropane) 0030

106887 1,2-Epoxybutane 0030

140885 Ethyl acrylate 0030

100414 Ethyl benzene 0030
X
51796 Ethyl carbamate (Urethane) 0010

75003 Ethyl chloride (Chloroethane) 0030
ND
106934 Ethylene dibromide (Dibromoethane) 0030

107062 Ethylene dichloride (1,2-Dichloroethane) 0030
ND
107211 Ethylene glycol Water Train-?V

151564 Ethylene imine (Aziridine) Water Train-?V

75218 Ethylene oxide 0030-?V

96457 Ethylene thiourea 0010

75343 Ethylidene dichloride(1,1-Dichloroethane) 0030
ND
50000 Formaldehyde 0010

76448 Heptachlor 0010

188741 Hexachlorobenzene 0010 X ND
87683 Hexachlorobutadiene 0010
ND
77474 Hexachlorocyclopentadiene 0010
ND
67721 Hexachloroethane 0010
ND
822060 Hexamethylene-1,6-diisocyanate NIOSH

680319 Hexamethylphosphoramide 0010

110543 Hexane 0030

302012 Hydrazine 0010-?V

7647010 Hydrochloric acid 0050
X
7664393 Hydrogen fluoride(Hydrofluoric acid) 50 OR 26A
X
7783064 Hydrogen sulfide 0016

123319 Hydroquinone 0010
ND
78591 Isophorone 0010
ND
58899 Lindane (all isomers) 0010

108316 Maleic anhydride (Reacts w/ alkali salts) 0010-?V

67561 Methanol Water Impinger

72435 Methoxychlor 0010

74839 Methyl bromide (Bromomethane) 0030-?V X ND
74873 Methyl chloride (Chloromethane) 0030
X
71556 Methyl chloroform (1,1,1-Trichloroethane) 0030 X ND
78933 Methyl ethyl ketone (2-Butanone) 0030 X X
60344 Methyl hydrazine Water Train, ? Recovery

74884 Methyl iodide (lodomethane) 0030

108101 Methyl isobutyl ketone (Hexone) 0030

624839 Methyl isocyanate Water Train, ? Recovery

80626 Methyl methacrylate 0030

1634044 Methyl tert butyl ether 0030

101144 4,4-Methylene bis(2-chloroaniline) 0030

75092 Methylene chloride (Dichloromethane) 0030 X X
101688 Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) NMG

101779 4,4'-Methylenedianiline 0010

91203 Naphthalene 0010 X X
98953 Nitrobenzene 0010 X ND
92933 4-Nitrobiphenyl 0010-?V

100027 4-Nitrophenol 0010
ND
79469 2-Nitropropane 0010-?V

684935 N-Nitroso-N-methylurea 0010-?V

62759 N-Nitrosodimethylamine 0010-?V

59892 N-Nitrosomorpholine 0010

56382 Parathion NMG

82688 Pentachloronitrobenzene 0010

87865 Pentachlorophenol 0010 X ND
108952 Phenol 0010 X X
106503 p-Phenylenediamine 0010

75445 Phosgene 0010-?V

7803512 Phosphine M-12, for phosphorus only

7723140 Phosophorus 12 or 29

85449 Phthalic anhydride M-10, for phthalic acid only

1336363 Polychlorinated biphenyls (Aroclors) 0010

1120714 1,3-Propane sultone 0010

57578 beta-Propiolactone NMG

123386 Propionaldehyde 0010

114261 Propoxur (Baygon) 0010-?V

78875 Propylene dichloride (1,2-Dichloropropane) 0030
ND
75569 Propylene oxide 0030-??V

75558 1,2-Propylenimine (2-Methyl aziridine) NMG

91225 Quinoline 0010

106514 Quinone 0011

100425 Styrene 0030
X
96093 Styrene oxide 0010

1746016 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin 0030
X
79345 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 0030
ND
127184 Tetrachloroethylene 0030 X ?
7550450 Titanium tetrachloride M-12 for titanium only

108883 Toluene 0030 X X
95807 2,4-Toluene diamine 0010

584849 2,4-Toluene diisocyanate NIOSH

95534 o-Toluidine 0010
ND
8001352 Toxaphene (chlorinated camphene) 0010

120821 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 0010 X ND
79005 1,1,2-Trichloroethane 0030
ND
79016 Trichloroethylene 0030 X ND
95954 2,4,5-Trichlorophenol 0010
X
88062 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol 0010 X X
121448 Triethylamine  NMG

1582098 Trifluralin 0030

540841 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane 0030

108054 Vinyl acetate 0030
ND
593602 Vinyl bromide 0030

75014 Vinyl chloride 0030
X
75354 Vinylidene chloride (1,1-Dichloroethylene) 0030

1330207 Xylenes (isomers and mixture) 0030
X
95476 o-Xylenes 0030

108383 m-Xylenes 0030

106423 p-Xylenes 0030


Antimony Compounds 12 or 29
X

Arsenic Compounds 

(Inorganic including arsine)

12 or 29
X

Beryllium Compounds 12 or 29
X

Cadmium Compounds 12 or 29
X

Chromium Compounds 12 or 29
X

Cobalt Compounds 12 or 29


Coke Oven Emissions 0010-?GC


Cyanide Compounds NIOSH 


Glycol ethers Water Impingers


Lead Compounds 12 or 29
X

Manganese Compounds 12 or 29
X

Mercury Compounds 29
X

Fine mineral fibers Particle Catch and Electron Microscope


Nickel Compounds 12 or 29
X

Polycylic Organic Matter 0010
X

Radionuclides (including radon) Methods 111,114,115 -?V


Selenium Compounds 12 or 29
X
1) Potential EPA sample method. Selection of method is taken from a number of sources, but primarily from EPA's "Stationary Source Sampling and Analysis Guide" 
2) X- Detected in cement kiln emissions during COC Testing in 1992. Data taken from the "Commercial BIF Compliance Test Results - 1992" published by GCI. Data represents seven kilns. 

ND- Analyzed for but not detected in cement plant emissions. 

? - Detected, but presence suspected to be from laboratory contamination.

Abreviations used in methods column: 

NMG - No Method Given 

? - Questionable method 

? V - Questionable validity of sample method or of the analysis of the sample 

NV - Not Validated, sampling or analysis method has not been validated for this compound